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Maternity DNA testing determines whether a woman could be the biological mother of a child. Like a DNA paternity test, it compares a child’s DNA pattern with that of the alleged mother to determine how likely it is that the child has inherited the DNA from the alleged mother.
Maternity test results may be used in the following circumstances:
• To confirm that an adoptee has been reunited with his/her birth mother
• To prove biological relationships in an immigration case.
• To confirm that an embryo conceived through in vitro fertilization was implanted into the correct mother
• To resolve situations in which mothers or hospital staff suspect that a baby mix-up has occurred in the nursery
In a maternity test, the child, alleged mother, and biological father are tested. The father’s participation in the maternity test helps to exclude half of the child’s DNA, leaving the rest for comparison with the alleged mother. If the father is not available, we can perform a fatherless test, which involves additional analysis, without additional charge.
Samples for a DNA test are routinely collected using the painless and simple buccal swab, similar to a cotton-tipped swab, The swab is rubbed against the inside cheek of the test participant, and loose cheek cells adhere to the swab. Unlike regular cotton swabs, Pur-Wraps® provides a consistent surface for sample collection and DNA extraction.
Samples are collected using a chain of custody documentation process that ensures your results will be accepted by courts and other government agencies. Part of this process requires that a neutral third-party, such as a local laboratory or hospital, collect your samples. When you come to the sample collection appointment, you will be asked to do the following to meet the chain of custody requirements:
Present government-issued identification for the adults
Present one of the following for minors: birth certificate or social security card
Be photographed and fingerprinted
Complete a Client Identification and Consent Form (the minor’s consent form should be signed by the legal guardian)
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